We are moving!

Effective August 1, 2023, we are moving to the beautiful Carnegie Professional Campus on the east side of York.  Our new address is 2643 Carnegie Road, Suite B, York, PA 17402.  Please stop in and see the new office!


The Fallibility of Breathalyzers in DUI Cases

This NY Times article highlights the problems with breathalyzers, which we knew about, but the corruption involved in the history of their approval is startling.  Fortunately, these instruments are no longer used in most jurisdictions where we practice in Pennsylvania as an official chemical test.

Contact Robert J. Schefter for DUI, Traffic, and Criminal case representation. 717.747.9048.


The Steps You Need to Take When You Are Being Sued

In today’s world, we are living in an ever-moving society. If you have not been sued yet, it’s possible more and more that it, unfortunately, might happen. Therefore, everyone should know all the steps you have to take when you’re being sued and knowing the steps beforehand will make the process much easier. Throughout school and life, we haven’t been taught how to handle a court summons, and your parents never talked to you about the issue – What to do when you are being sued? Senft Law in York County, PA has you covered with the top steps you should consider if the unfortunate ever happens to you.

  • If you get a summon from the court, you should handle it right away and reach out to an experienced legal team immediately. It’s easy to procrastinate with the task of informing your lawyer. If you get fail to respond to the summon in the proper time, you might lose the option of defending yourself. It requires a lot of preparation and time to respond to the summon in the court with proper merits and demerits of the case. If you inform your legal team earlier, it will be easy for them to look and read the merit of the case properly.
  • If you don’t already have a legal team, you should consider hiring an attorney for your case. There are many options for experienced attornies in York, Pennsylvania, so it’s important to reach out to a few and talk to find out of they are the best fit for your case. With so many laws and loopholes in today’s legal system, it’s worth considering having an attorney for all cases, both big and small. The peace of mind of having someone by your side, defending your case is priceless in such a surprising situation in your life.
  • If you’re being sued by someone in York, Pennsylvania, you should study your insurance policies or call your insurance providers immediately. They might protect you from claims that might go against you in the lawsuit and cover the costs of an attorney. You can also ask your lawyer whether your insurance policies will help you with the financial protection that you need.
  • If you have been sued by someone, immediately working with someone to create a proper defence and submitting it to court is important. While preparing the defence if you have any paperwork or documents that you think might help you to prove yourself innocent, you should provide it to your legal team immediately and gather all evidence to support your claim.
  • If you’re being sued, you could also consider a settlement offer as it takes a lot of time to make a judgment on many claims made by the parties against you. If the person suing you make a settlement offer, you should study it carefully with the advising of your attorney and discuss it with your legal team.
  • In all situations in life, understanding is also quite important. You need to understand all the allegations and complaints made against you. If you don’t understand any part of the allegation, it would be worth-while to speak with a professional to explain them to you. By understanding the case and situation more, you’ll feel much more comfortable with having someone represent you in the case.
  • Witnesses are also a great piece of information you should immediately start thinking about when you receive that lawsuit notice. By finding witnesses that will support you in your case, and depending on the specific case, you’ll likely increase your probability of winning. Once finding witnesses, your lawyer can interview all the key witnesses to find the specific ways they’ll help support and win your case. With the help an experienced attorney in York, PA, you can rest assured knowing that your legal team will ask the right questions at the right times to the witnesses to support your case.
  • Lastly, it’s important to communicate with as many people as you can to discuss your options. When you are being sued, talk with your lawyer about the option to call your opposing party to make a settlement before the hearing of the court and if they refuse to do, continue to meet with your lawyer and make a proper defense against them. If you get any new information during the hearing of the court immediately discuss it with your lawyer. It is better to tell everything to your attorney as this will help them make solid evidence in favor of you.

Overall, the best advise we can give when you are being sued is to remain calm and positive. Early discussion with your legal team will assist them in preparing a bold strategy against opposing parties and put your mind at ease that your case has the best possible defense.





Six Keys to Choosing the Best Business Attorneys in York, PA

Whether big or small, every business organization needs legal representation.  Hiring a law firm is an important investment decision.  A mutually beneficial long-term business relationship should be the end goal of the hiring process.

Use the following six keys to help you choose the best business law firm in York, Pennsylvania.

1.     Focus on the Type of Lawyer Needed

If you need representation for a specific problem or issue with another business or individual, make sure the firm you hire has experience with commercial litigation.  Seek out experienced general business attorneys if you are looking for advice regarding ongoing business operations.  The business and litigation attorneys at Senft Schefter Ayers in York, Pennsylvania are here to help you with all of your business needs.

2.     Hire a Lawyer Familiar with Your Market

Although your outside counsel need not be an expert in your industry, the attorneys in the firm should be open to learning and understanding your company’s practices, standards, customers, and stakeholders.  Your business counsel should take a genuine interest in the success of your business.  The business attorneys at Senft Schefter Ayers are committed to you and the success of your business.

3.     The Size of the Law Firm

Law firms, like businesses, come in all sizes, from solo practitioners to mega-firms with nationwide offices.  While the mega firms certainly are capable of handling most corporate needs, there may be genuine concerns about the hourly rates charged to support the mega firm structure.  You may also have a legitimate concern as to whether the large firms pay sufficient attention to smaller businesses with smaller budgets.

The attorneys at Senft Schefter Ayers enjoy the happy medium of bringing that big firm experience to a small firm environment in York, PA.  We know how to get the job done, but do not have to charge the exorbitant rates of larger firms.

4.     The Need for Additional Services

Hire a law firm that is willing to think outside of the box and go the extra mile to service all of your legal needs.  The difference-maker for Senft Schefter Ayers is that we call the shots for our firm, not some distant management team.  So, we have the flexibility to do whatever it takes to get the job done for your business, including the following:

  • Handling corporate books and conducting required corporate meetings;
  • Conducting seminars on relevant legal topics;
  • Drafting and updating policies, procedures, and employee handbooks; and
  • Making introductions to other clients, potential consumers, and strategic partners.

5.     Local Experience Matters

When you hire a law firm for your business needs, make sure the firm has a strong local presence  Obviously it is important that the attorneys in the firm are licensed in and know the business laws of the state(s) in which you conduct your business.  This becomes even more important in commercial litigation matters; each state and federal jurisdictions have their own rules and procedures.

The attorneys at Senft Schefter Ayers focus their business practice in the counties of Southcentral Pennsylvania and the federal courts of the Middle District of Pennsylvania.

6.     Legal Fees

Even some experienced business people hesitate to discuss fees with their attorney. But whether you’re a startup owner or seeking legal counsel for a large company, you should never hesitate to discuss legal fees with your law firm.

Typically, business lawyers have an hourly rate and charge in increments of that rate; e.g., tenths, fifths or quarters of an hour.  Firms may also offer a fixed amount, or flat fee, for certain services.  At Senft Schefter Ayers, we offer flat fees for routine items, so our clients know ahead of time what the total legal fees will be.  We offer hourly rates for more individualized work, and discuss with our clients’ approximations at each stage of the work, again so we can best assist our clients in budgeting for the appropriate legal services.


Hiring a law firm to represent your business is an important decision, with the goal being a long-lasting beneficial relationship.  Knowledge, experience, size, location, and fees are important considerations, but the most important factor is finding the “right fit.”  You’ll know it when you see it.  Please contact Senft Schefter Ayers to see if we can be the right fit for you.



How to Plan for a Lawsuit

A lawsuit is serious business. At stake is not only your financial well-being, but also your mental and emotional strength.  You should never think about suing someone without first contacting an attorney to review your case. Before bringing suit, you need to layout a game plan for your cause of action.  Then, once you commence the lawsuit, in the early stages, you will gather further evidence for your case through the “discovery” phase.  This article will help you plan for a lawsuit and introduce you to what you can learn through the discovery process.

How to create a plan for your lawsuit.
Planning for your lawsuit begins well before you ever file the lawsuit. The planning stage will help you first decide whether it is worthwhile even to bring the lawsuit.  You should first contact an attorney to help you in this early planning stage.
1. Your Budget:
First things first; what is your budget for the lawsuit? You need to research the amount of money that you will have to spend to carry it through.  Court fees, such as filing fees, are a mandatory expense that you will have to pay up-front.  You should try to develop a budget for attorney fees by actually speaking with the attorney and determining how they invoice for their services; whether it’s an hourly rate, a flat fee, or a contingent fee, typically based on the type and complexity of the case.  Other fees that need to be considered are expert witness fees and court-related expenses, such as copying fees and court reporter fees.  You will never be able to completely and accurately predict all costs ahead of time, but it is important to establish a preliminary budget for your case with your attorney.
2. Staying Organized:
The best way to plan for your lawsuit is by staying organized at all stages. You should create a separate file for all the documents related to the lawsuit. In that binder, apart from all the relevant evidence and important documents, there should also be a roadmap of as to how the lawsuit is going to proceed. That outline should be updated at each step, so you remain aware of the situation.  Again, your attorney can assist you with this step.
3. Your Claims Against the Opposing Party:
A plan for your lawsuit should include a list of all the potential claims against the opposing party.  For each potential claim, you should identify and document every element that you need to prove to bring a valid claim.
4. Their claims against you:
Conversely, you must also consider any weak points in your case that the opposing party may be able to expose. Then, think about how you are going to answer those claims and document your counterpoints.  You must also consider any possible counterclaims that could be brought by the opposing party.

Once you have analyzed all the pros and cons and decided, with the help of your attorney, to file suit, you would file a Complaint, complete the pleadings stage, and then develop your case further through the use of “discovery.”

What is the ‘Discovery Stage?’

This pretrial stage allows the Parties to the suit to conduct an investigation to discover all of the facts that may be relevant to the case. This investigation process is carried out pursuant to the rules of civil procedure. During this process, evidence is collected from the opposing parties and other parties, through many different discovery tools, including interrogatories, depositions, requests for admissions, and requests for documents.

Under the discovery rules, the parties can ask for any material which may lead to admissible evidence. The material itself does not have to be a hundred percent relevant, but, it should have the potential to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence.

What is the purpose of the Discovery Stage?

The purpose behind the discovery stage is not only to learn the relevant facts of the case, but it also allows the parties the opportunity to explore settlement opportunities that may lead to early resolution of the case.  Settlement not only saves money, but also saves the time, effort and stress of going to trial.  Proper discovery also prevents surprises at trial.

Elements of the Discovery Stage.

The typical types of discovery processes are as follows:

  • Informal Discovery:

Informal discovery on your own allows you to collect information in a way which does not require formal procedures. In preparation for any lawsuit, make sure to:

  • Take pictures of any damage before fixing it;
  • Collect all documents from third parties that help prove your claim; and
  • Investigate or conduct any research on the opposing party that you can prior to discovery.
  • Formal Discovery:

The formal discovery process typically starts after the suit has been filed and the pleading stage is completed:

  • Requests for Production of Documents:

Ask the opposing party for any documents in their possession or control that can possibly be relevant to the case. The requests must be carefully worded to be clear and concise and to avoid confusion or disputes in the form of objections.

  • Depositions:

A deposition is an oral interrogation where the witness answers each party’s questions under oath. Plan out all the questions and your answers to their anticipated questions beforehand.

  • Requests for Admission:

Requests for Admissions are statements that you are asking the opposing party to admit. Make sure that your questions are worded properly in order to avoid denials. Request only one fact per request.  Also ask the party to admit that the documents provided by them are authentic.

  • Interrogatories:

Interrogatories are questions asked of the opposing party regarding the lawsuit.  When asking questions, you typically want to be specific enough to get a helpful response, yet broad enough to get a full and complete answer. When answering interrogatories, be careful to answer only the questions directly asked.

Planning a lawsuit and going through the discovery stage is indeed a very daunting and time-consuming task, and the process requires the expert assistance of a lawyer. A skilled and experienced attorney will guide you through the planning and discovery phases as you prepare for trial.  In York and surrounding counties in Pennsylvania, contact Senft Schefter Ayers law firm to help you through this process.